Canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf Beeton

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf

Design and Performance of Helical Anchors in Soil Vickars Vertical and horizontal policy 2 c. Reactive and proactive policy 3 d. Current and future policy 3 Public policy has a clear and unique purpose 4 Policy development is a decision-making process 4 Poverty reduction involves multiple pathways 6 Several steps comprise the policy process 7 a. Selecting the desired objective 8 b. Identifying the appropriate target 10 c. Determining the pathway 10 d

Guidelines & Standards IPAC Canada

Infant feeding A priority area in Commonwealth countries. 237 Transformers 5.2 Reliability and Project Perfomance Siemens Energy Sector t Power Engineering Guide t Edition 7.0 5 A further condition for a high level of supplier quality is close, Guidelines Development Group recommends that national HIV programmes provide ART vertical HIV transmission and serious adverse events. Mathematical modelling simulations also suggested that initiating ART earlier could impact on both sexual and vertical HIV transmission if there is high treatment coverage and full adherence (9). For people with active TB disease or HBV coinfection.

Clarification Statement: CDC and HICPAC have recommendations in both 2003 Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities and the 2008 Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities that state that the CDC does not support disinfectant fogging. Specifically, the 2003 and 2008 Guidelines state: The guidelines provide a standardized approach to transfusion so that the potential for errors is minimized and the administration of safe and efficacious blood products in the health care setting is …

Guidelines Development Group recommends that national HIV programmes provide ART vertical HIV transmission and serious adverse events. Mathematical modelling simulations also suggested that initiating ART earlier could impact on both sexual and vertical HIV transmission if there is high treatment coverage and full adherence (9). For people with active TB disease or HBV coinfection The guidelines provide a standardized approach to transfusion so that the potential for errors is minimized and the administration of safe and efficacious blood products in the health care setting is …

redundancies in vertical programs, and reducing vertical HIV transmission (Kennedy et al. 2010). While there is strong policy commitment to integration of SRH and HIV services (WHO et al. 2005; IATT 2011), there is limited experience in how to tailor integration of services in concentrated epidemics so that they reach women at higher risk of HIV, especially female sex work-ers (FSWs), women 237 Transformers 5.2 Reliability and Project Perfomance Siemens Energy Sector t Power Engineering Guide t Edition 7.0 5 A further condition for a high level of supplier quality is close

Design and Performance of Helical Anchors in Soil (A Bibliography of the Technical Literature) prepared by Alan J. Lutenegger, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA., 2/6/01 IDSA/ATS Guidelines for CAP in Adults • CID 2007:44 (Suppl 2) • S29 such as blood and sputum cultures. Conversely, these cultures may have a major impact on the care of an individual patient

• Pattern of breastfeeding is associated with vertical HIV transmission: mixed breastfeeding carries the highest risk of transmission and exclusive breastfeeding the lowest (Coovadia, 2007; Kuhn, 2007). The risks of avoiding breastfeeding, even in high HIV prevalence settings, were higher than the risks of HIV transmission • Early breastfeeding cessation was associated with high mortality Clarification Statement: CDC and HICPAC have recommendations in both 2003 Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities and the 2008 Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities that state that the CDC does not support disinfectant fogging. Specifically, the 2003 and 2008 Guidelines state:

vertical mother-to-infant transmission. Late-onset infections present after delivery, or beyond 3 to 7 days of age, and are attributed to organisms acquired from interaction with the hospital environment or the community. In some situations, organisms attributed to late-onset sepsis might be acquired at parturition, but with clinical manifestation of infection after 72 h of life. In extremely redundancies in vertical programs, and reducing vertical HIV transmission (Kennedy et al. 2010). While there is strong policy commitment to integration of SRH and HIV services (WHO et al. 2005; IATT 2011), there is limited experience in how to tailor integration of services in concentrated epidemics so that they reach women at higher risk of HIV, especially female sex work-ers (FSWs), women

IMPORTANCE : Perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be reduced through services including antiretroviral treatment and prophylaxis. Data on the national incidence of perinatal HIV transmission and missed prevention opportuni... Epidemiology Of Hiv And Aids Among Adolescents Current [DOWNLOAD] Epidemiology Of Hiv And Aids Among Adolescents Current - PDF Format. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device.

IMPORTANCE : Perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be reduced through services including antiretroviral treatment and prophylaxis. Data on the national incidence of perinatal HIV transmission and missed prevention opportuni... • Pattern of breastfeeding is associated with vertical HIV transmission: mixed breastfeeding carries the highest risk of transmission and exclusive breastfeeding the lowest (Coovadia, 2007; Kuhn, 2007). The risks of avoiding breastfeeding, even in high HIV prevalence settings, were higher than the risks of HIV transmission • Early breastfeeding cessation was associated with high mortality

Management of Genital Herpes in Pregnancy RCOG

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf

Welcome to CDC stacks Estimated Incidence of Perinatally. national physical activity guidelines state , National Physical Activity Developing national physical activity guidelines and The Plan includes recommendations for actions at the national, state, 2016 income tax forms in excel for canadian, vertical mother-to-infant transmission. Late-onset infections present after delivery, or beyond 3 to 7 days of age, and are attributed to organisms acquired from interaction with the hospital environment or the community. In some situations, organisms attributed to late-onset sepsis might be acquired at parturition, but with clinical manifestation of infection after 72 h of life. In extremely.

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf

Design and Performance of Helical Anchors in Soil Vickars

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf

Elective caesarean-section versus vaginal delivery in. The clinical practice guidelines for the management of hepatitis C have been revised to be useful for treatment, research, and education. These recommendations are not absolute standards of care, and adoption of the guidelines in clinical practice may differ for individual patients. becoming infected by Toxoplasma gondii is vertical transmission to the fetus. Although rare, congenital toxoplasmosis can cause severe neurological or ocular disease (leading to blindness), as well as cardiac and cerebral anomalies. Prenatal care must include education about prevention of toxoplasmosis. The low prevalence of the disease in the Canadian population and limitations in diagnosis.

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf


The guidelines provide a standardized approach to transfusion so that the potential for errors is minimized and the administration of safe and efficacious blood products in the health care setting is … based on the rate of vertical transmission of HIV-1 in Italy at that time (15%) and an estimated 50% reduction associated with caesarean-section delivery.12 Similarly, the international trial aimed to show a 50% decrease in vertical transmission associated with caesarean-section delivery, but with the publication of the results of the US/French trial of zidovudine in pregnancy13 an additional

Guidelines, policies and standards from PHAC, CDC, APIC, SHEA and WHO, as well as Provincial guidelines that Infection Prevention and Control professionals may use to support their own documentation and best practices. Prevention of vertical HIV transmission has evolved significantly in Canada over the last two decades. The aim of this analysis is to describe the surveillance programme used, rate of vertical HIV

national physical activity guidelines state , National Physical Activity Developing national physical activity guidelines and The Plan includes recommendations for actions at the national, state, 2016 income tax forms in excel for canadian Immunization Programs for High Risk Groups Vertical transmission from infected mother to fetus or newborn There can be a time lag of up to six months between infection and development of disease. Symptoms range from unapparent to pronounced, and disease may be asymptomatic, mild, severe or life threatening. There are three possible outcomes to infection with hepatitis B: Complete recovery

based on the rate of vertical transmission of HIV-1 in Italy at that time (15%) and an estimated 50% reduction associated with caesarean-section delivery.12 Similarly, the international trial aimed to show a 50% decrease in vertical transmission associated with caesarean-section delivery, but with the publication of the results of the US/French trial of zidovudine in pregnancy13 an additional HIV Infection and AIDS 8 PSAP-VII • Infectious Diseases Transmission and Testing Homosexual male contact continues to be the predom-inant method of HIV transmission in the United States,

vertical mother-to-infant transmission. Late-onset infections present after delivery, or beyond 3 to 7 days of age, and are attributed to organisms acquired from interaction with the hospital environment or the community. In some situations, organisms attributed to late-onset sepsis might be acquired at parturition, but with clinical manifestation of infection after 72 h of life. In extremely Guidelines Development Group recommends that national HIV programmes provide ART vertical HIV transmission and serious adverse events. Mathematical modelling simulations also suggested that initiating ART earlier could impact on both sexual and vertical HIV transmission if there is high treatment coverage and full adherence (9). For people with active TB disease or HBV coinfection

mated residual risk of HIV transmission with blood trans-fusion is 1 in 1.6 to 2.3 million units (5). Because of the public perception of ‘zero-tolerance’ for infection transmis-sion with blood transfusion and tissue transplantation, cur-rent blood- and tissue-donation screening errs on the side of excluding high-risk donors. Organ donation differs be-cause loss of donated organs increases Guidelines, policies and standards from PHAC, CDC, APIC, SHEA and WHO, as well as Provincial guidelines that Infection Prevention and Control professionals may use to support their own documentation and best practices.

Design and Performance of Helical Anchors in Soil (A Bibliography of the Technical Literature) prepared by Alan J. Lutenegger, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA., 2/6/01 Guidelines, policies and standards from PHAC, CDC, APIC, SHEA and WHO, as well as Provincial guidelines that Infection Prevention and Control professionals may use to support their own documentation and best practices.

The guidelines emphasize the protection of surveillance data and prohibit HIV surveillance programs from sharing data with programs that lack equivalent data security and confidentiality protections. Vertical transmission Women with HIV should receive prepregnancy counseling, including a discussion of interventions to reduce vertical transmission, methods for optimizing long-term health, and the few potential effects of antiretroviral medications on the fetus.

Clarification Statement: CDC and HICPAC have recommendations in both 2003 Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities and the 2008 Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities that state that the CDC does not support disinfectant fogging. Specifically, the 2003 and 2008 Guidelines state: WeidmГјller is a leading international provider of solutions for electrical connectivity, transmission and conditioning of power, signal and data in industrial environments. The company with headquarters in Detmold / Germany develops, produces and sells products in the field of electrical

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf

national physical activity guidelines state , National Physical Activity Developing national physical activity guidelines and The Plan includes recommendations for actions at the national, state, 2016 income tax forms in excel for canadian HIV Infection and AIDS 8 PSAP-VII • Infectious Diseases Transmission and Testing Homosexual male contact continues to be the predom-inant method of HIV transmission in the United States,

OPERATIONS RESEARCH METHODOLOGY OPTIONS

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf

Management of Toxoplasma gondii Infection During Pregnancy. prevent vertical transmission of HBV.3 A number of survey results suggest adherence to the AASLD treatment guidelines is suboptimal, with 40%-50% of eligible patients remaining untreated., • Pattern of breastfeeding is associated with vertical HIV transmission: mixed breastfeeding carries the highest risk of transmission and exclusive breastfeeding the lowest (Coovadia, 2007; Kuhn, 2007). The risks of avoiding breastfeeding, even in high HIV prevalence settings, were higher than the risks of HIV transmission • Early breastfeeding cessation was associated with high mortality.

SEVENTH EDITION BOOK 9 INFECTIOUS DISEASES

OPERATIONS RESEARCH METHODOLOGY OPTIONS. The guidelines provide a standardized approach to transfusion so that the potential for errors is minimized and the administration of safe and efficacious blood products in the health care setting is …, The guidelines provide a standardized approach to transfusion so that the potential for errors is minimized and the administration of safe and efficacious blood products in the health care setting is ….

becoming infected by Toxoplasma gondii is vertical transmission to the fetus. Although rare, congenital toxoplasmosis can cause severe neurological or ocular disease (leading to blindness), as well as cardiac and cerebral anomalies. Prenatal care must include education about prevention of toxoplasmosis. The low prevalence of the disease in the Canadian population and limitations in diagnosis Breastfeeding contributes significantly to HIV transmission to children in developing countries. Adequate alternatives to breastfeeding should be provided for HIV-positive women wherever possible. Other possible modifications of infant feeding practices include early cessation of breastfeeding. WHO/RHT/98.24 HIV in pregnancy: a review UNAIDS/98.44 Page 2 HIV testing in pregnancy has a …

The clinical practice guidelines for the management of hepatitis C have been revised to be useful for treatment, research, and education. These recommendations are not absolute standards of care, and adoption of the guidelines in clinical practice may differ for individual patients. mated residual risk of HIV transmission with blood trans-fusion is 1 in 1.6 to 2.3 million units (5). Because of the public perception of ‘zero-tolerance’ for infection transmis-sion with blood transfusion and tissue transplantation, cur-rent blood- and tissue-donation screening errs on the side of excluding high-risk donors. Organ donation differs be-cause loss of donated organs increases

Immunization Programs for High Risk Groups Vertical transmission from infected mother to fetus or newborn There can be a time lag of up to six months between infection and development of disease. Symptoms range from unapparent to pronounced, and disease may be asymptomatic, mild, severe or life threatening. There are three possible outcomes to infection with hepatitis B: Complete recovery What are the guidelines? This document contains an extensive set of guidelines about the safety of machinery and the selection and usage of protective devices. SICK will show you various ways in which you can protect machinery and people against accidents. This is not an exhausti- ve list. The examples given are the result of our many years of practical experience and are to be considered

HIV Infection and AIDS 8 PSAP-VII • Infectious Diseases Transmission and Testing Homosexual male contact continues to be the predom-inant method of HIV transmission in the United States, IMPORTANCE : Perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be reduced through services including antiretroviral treatment and prophylaxis. Data on the national incidence of perinatal HIV transmission and missed prevention opportuni...

vertical transmission of HIV and the Republic of Moldova has eliminated vertical transmission of syphilis.22 23 Outside of these countries, progress on the key focus areas is mixed, as outlined below. Vertical and horizontal policy 2 c. Reactive and proactive policy 3 d. Current and future policy 3 Public policy has a clear and unique purpose 4 Policy development is a decision-making process 4 Poverty reduction involves multiple pathways 6 Several steps comprise the policy process 7 a. Selecting the desired objective 8 b. Identifying the appropriate target 10 c. Determining the pathway 10 d

management of genital herpes in pregnancy. 1,2 In 2010, a European guideline on the management of genital herpes was published, which included a section on management in pregnancy. 3 In order to achieve consensus, it was decided that a joint BASHH and RCOG guideline on the I. Illicit substance use in Canada risk of HIV transmission while increasing access to health and social services for people who use injected substances. Outreach strategies are a low-cost, effective means of reaching people who use substances and are particularly effective when they are peer - 2| DISCUSSION PAPER| based. Supervised consumption services also lower the rate of overdose

Guidelines Development Group recommends that national HIV programmes provide ART vertical HIV transmission and serious adverse events. Mathematical modelling simulations also suggested that initiating ART earlier could impact on both sexual and vertical HIV transmission if there is high treatment coverage and full adherence (9). For people with active TB disease or HBV coinfection GUIDELINES ON TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE INSTALLATION OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS MASTS AND TOWERS ISSUED THIS 9TH DAY OF APRIL, 2009. 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter One 1. General Introduction 2. Types of Towers and Masts 3. Siting of Towers and Masts Chapter Two – Design and Construction 4. General 5. Superstructure

• Pattern of breastfeeding is associated with vertical HIV transmission: mixed breastfeeding carries the highest risk of transmission and exclusive breastfeeding the lowest (Coovadia, 2007; Kuhn, 2007). The risks of avoiding breastfeeding, even in high HIV prevalence settings, were higher than the risks of HIV transmission • Early breastfeeding cessation was associated with high mortality • Pattern of breastfeeding is associated with vertical HIV transmission: mixed breastfeeding carries the highest risk of transmission and exclusive breastfeeding the lowest (Coovadia, 2007; Kuhn, 2007). The risks of avoiding breastfeeding, even in high HIV prevalence settings, were higher than the risks of HIV transmission • Early breastfeeding cessation was associated with high mortality

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIs) shaped by clinical case management guidelines promoting syndromic management. This approach uses algorithms based on groups of genital symptoms to guide STI treatment for people seeking care, without the use of laboratory tests. Syndromic management is simple, assures rapid, same-day treatment, and avoids the expensive diagnostic … Guidelines Development Group recommends that national HIV programmes provide ART vertical HIV transmission and serious adverse events. Mathematical modelling simulations also suggested that initiating ART earlier could impact on both sexual and vertical HIV transmission if there is high treatment coverage and full adherence (9). For people with active TB disease or HBV coinfection

Weidmüller is a leading international provider of solutions for electrical connectivity, transmission and conditioning of power, signal and data in industrial environments. The company with headquarters in Detmold / Germany develops, produces and sells products in the field of electrical • Pattern of breastfeeding is associated with vertical HIV transmission: mixed breastfeeding carries the highest risk of transmission and exclusive breastfeeding the lowest (Coovadia, 2007; Kuhn, 2007). The risks of avoiding breastfeeding, even in high HIV prevalence settings, were higher than the risks of HIV transmission • Early breastfeeding cessation was associated with high mortality

Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) of Organ Donors Is the ‘Best. vertical transmission of HIV and the Republic of Moldova has eliminated vertical transmission of syphilis.22 23 Outside of these countries, progress on the key focus areas is mixed, as outlined below., Since publication of the new edition of Dengue: Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2009 1 , the need to provide more training to health-care workers in this area has become increasingly evident..

Toxoplasmosis in Pregnancy Prevention Screening and

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf

Section 5 Immunization Programs for High Risk Groups. Virus (HIV). Other diseases not found in human blood may be carried in fluids such as Saliva (e.g. Other diseases not found in human blood may be carried in fluids such as Saliva (e.g. Hepatitis A and the organism that causes meningitis) or animal blood and fluid., The guidelines provide a standardized approach to transfusion so that the potential for errors is minimized and the administration of safe and efficacious blood products in the health care setting is ….

Design and Performance of Helical Anchors in Soil Vickars. Since publication of the new edition of Dengue: Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2009 1 , the need to provide more training to health-care workers in this area has become increasingly evident., The clinical practice guidelines for the management of hepatitis C have been revised to be useful for treatment, research, and education. These recommendations are not absolute standards of care, and adoption of the guidelines in clinical practice may differ for individual patients..

Design and Performance of Helical Anchors in Soil Vickars

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf

Prepregnancy counseling Fertility and Sterility. Guidelines Development Group recommends that national HIV programmes provide ART vertical HIV transmission and serious adverse events. Mathematical modelling simulations also suggested that initiating ART earlier could impact on both sexual and vertical HIV transmission if there is high treatment coverage and full adherence (9). For people with active TB disease or HBV coinfection Clarification Statement: CDC and HICPAC have recommendations in both 2003 Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities and the 2008 Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities that state that the CDC does not support disinfectant fogging. Specifically, the 2003 and 2008 Guidelines state:.

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf


The guidelines emphasize the protection of surveillance data and prohibit HIV surveillance programs from sharing data with programs that lack equivalent data security and confidentiality protections. Design and Performance of Helical Anchors in Soil (A Bibliography of the Technical Literature) prepared by Alan J. Lutenegger, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA., 2/6/01

HIV TRANSMISSION RISK: A SUMMARY OF THE EVIDENCE III EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report provides a synthesis of the current scientific evidence on the risk of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated with sexual activities, injection and other drug use, and mother-to-child (vertical) transmission. This technical document is intended for use by health authorities … I. Illicit substance use in Canada risk of HIV transmission while increasing access to health and social services for people who use injected substances. Outreach strategies are a low-cost, effective means of reaching people who use substances and are particularly effective when they are peer - 2| DISCUSSION PAPER| based. Supervised consumption services also lower the rate of overdose

Since publication of the new edition of Dengue: Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2009 1 , the need to provide more training to health-care workers in this area has become increasingly evident. Vertical and horizontal policy 2 c. Reactive and proactive policy 3 d. Current and future policy 3 Public policy has a clear and unique purpose 4 Policy development is a decision-making process 4 Poverty reduction involves multiple pathways 6 Several steps comprise the policy process 7 a. Selecting the desired objective 8 b. Identifying the appropriate target 10 c. Determining the pathway 10 d

mated residual risk of HIV transmission with blood trans-fusion is 1 in 1.6 to 2.3 million units (5). Because of the public perception of ‘zero-tolerance’ for infection transmis-sion with blood transfusion and tissue transplantation, cur-rent blood- and tissue-donation screening errs on the side of excluding high-risk donors. Organ donation differs be-cause loss of donated organs increases The clinical practice guidelines for the management of hepatitis C have been revised to be useful for treatment, research, and education. These recommendations are not absolute standards of care, and adoption of the guidelines in clinical practice may differ for individual patients.

The guidelines emphasize the protection of surveillance data and prohibit HIV surveillance programs from sharing data with programs that lack equivalent data security and confidentiality protections. The guidelines provide a standardized approach to transfusion so that the potential for errors is minimized and the administration of safe and efficacious blood products in the health care setting is …

The clinical practice guidelines for the management of hepatitis C have been revised to be useful for treatment, research, and education. These recommendations are not absolute standards of care, and adoption of the guidelines in clinical practice may differ for individual patients. national physical activity guidelines state , National Physical Activity Developing national physical activity guidelines and The Plan includes recommendations for actions at the national, state, 2016 income tax forms in excel for canadian

The guidelines provide a standardized approach to transfusion so that the potential for errors is minimized and the administration of safe and efficacious blood products in the health care setting is … Guidelines, policies and standards from PHAC, CDC, APIC, SHEA and WHO, as well as Provincial guidelines that Infection Prevention and Control professionals may use to support their own documentation and best practices.

237 Transformers 5.2 Reliability and Project Perfomance Siemens Energy Sector t Power Engineering Guide t Edition 7.0 5 A further condition for a high level of supplier quality is close Vertical and horizontal policy 2 c. Reactive and proactive policy 3 d. Current and future policy 3 Public policy has a clear and unique purpose 4 Policy development is a decision-making process 4 Poverty reduction involves multiple pathways 6 Several steps comprise the policy process 7 a. Selecting the desired objective 8 b. Identifying the appropriate target 10 c. Determining the pathway 10 d

Breastfeeding contributes significantly to HIV transmission to children in developing countries. Adequate alternatives to breastfeeding should be provided for HIV-positive women wherever possible. Other possible modifications of infant feeding practices include early cessation of breastfeeding. WHO/RHT/98.24 HIV in pregnancy: a review UNAIDS/98.44 Page 2 HIV testing in pregnancy has a … Vertical and horizontal policy 2 c. Reactive and proactive policy 3 d. Current and future policy 3 Public policy has a clear and unique purpose 4 Policy development is a decision-making process 4 Poverty reduction involves multiple pathways 6 Several steps comprise the policy process 7 a. Selecting the desired objective 8 b. Identifying the appropriate target 10 c. Determining the pathway 10 d

HIV Infection and AIDS 8 PSAP-VII • Infectious Diseases Transmission and Testing Homosexual male contact continues to be the predom-inant method of HIV transmission in the United States, HIV TRANSMISSION RISK: A SUMMARY OF THE EVIDENCE III EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report provides a synthesis of the current scientific evidence on the risk of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated with sexual activities, injection and other drug use, and mother-to-child (vertical) transmission. This technical document is intended for use by health authorities …

canadian guidelines hiv vertical transmission filetype pdf

national physical activity guidelines state , National Physical Activity Developing national physical activity guidelines and The Plan includes recommendations for actions at the national, state, 2016 income tax forms in excel for canadian redundancies in vertical programs, and reducing vertical HIV transmission (Kennedy et al. 2010). While there is strong policy commitment to integration of SRH and HIV services (WHO et al. 2005; IATT 2011), there is limited experience in how to tailor integration of services in concentrated epidemics so that they reach women at higher risk of HIV, especially female sex work-ers (FSWs), women